Makassar is the capital of the Indonesian province of South Sulawesi. It is the largest city in the region of Eastern Indonesia and the fifth largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Medan. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named after one of its subdistricts, Ujung Pandang. The city is located on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.
The city’s area is 199.3 square kilometres (77.0 sq mi) and it had a population of around 2.6 million in 2018. Its built-up (or metro) area has 1,976,168 inhabitants covering Makassar City and 15 districts.